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INGREDIENTS

INGREDIENTS

CALCIUM
Calcium is a mineral that is an essential building block for our body and contributes to:

– Calcium contributes to normal blood clotting
– Calcium contributes to a normal energy-yielding metabolism
– Calcium contributes to normal neurotransmission
– Calcium plays a role in the process of cell division and specialization
– Calcium is needed for the maintenance of normal bones
– Calcium is needed for the maintenance of normal teeth

HYDROLYZED COLLAGEN, WHAT IS IT?
Collagen is the protein that is the most important building block of your body and ensures the cohesion and elasticity of connective tissues such as cartilage, tendons, ligaments as well as bones, and skin. Every day your body breaks down collagen and naturally produces, through cells in your body tissue, new collagen.

As you get older, your body produces less natural collagen, and the first signs of aging appear. This starts around the age of twenty-five and decreases even more rapidly from the age of thirty.

Collagen is divided into 28 types. The first three are by far the most important. Ninety percent of collagen belongs to type 1. The types of collagen found in the human body can be distinguished as follows:

Collagen type 1: skin, bones, cartilage, connective tissue, ligaments, tendons, blood vessels, hair, nails
Collagen type 2: joints, intervertebral discs, larynx, trachea, ribs, nose
Collagen type 3: skin, blood vessels, tissues needed for wound repair
Type 1 collagen is extracted from, among others, the skin of ‘grass-eating’ cattle and is identical to human collagen. It can be found in our entire body such as muscles, joints, skin, bone, hair, etc. thus holistically.

Type 2 collagen is also extracted from grass-fed cows and is identical to human collagen. It is found particularly in our connective tissue such as cartilage, tendons, and ligaments.

Type 3 collagen is actually similar to Type 1.

Hydrolyzed’ means that it is broken down enzymatically, whereby the collagen is split into smaller chains of amino acids, the peptides. This makes it easy to digest, and quickly absorbed as early as the small intestine.

Proteins are made up of 20 types of amino acids. Some of these we can synthesize ourselves, but there are also some which we cannot synthesize or which we cannot synthesize sufficiently. The latter has to be obtained from food. The latter group consists of so-called essential and semi-essential amino acids. The name says it all – they are essential to ingest.

However, the essential and semi-essential amino acids are not found in every protein source. In general, these amino acids are virtually absent from plant-based sources of protein, but they are present to a large extent in animal-based sources of protein (i.e. meat, fish, and eggs).

Collagen is a complete protein source and contains 18 amino acids of which Proline, Glycine and Hydroxyproline represent 50% of the total amino acid content. The concentration of Proline and Glycine is 10 to 20 times higher than in other proteins.

MAGNESIUM

Magnesium contributes to the reduction of fatigue and tiredness
Magnesium contributes to electrolyte balance
Magnesium contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
Magnesium contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
Magnesium contributes to the normal functioning of muscles
Magnesium contributes to normal protein synthesis
Magnesium contributes to normal psychological function
Magnesium contributes to the maintenance of normal bones
Magnesium contributes to the maintenance of normal teeth
Magnesium plays a role in the cell division process
VITAMIN C OR ASCORBIC ACID

Every healthy body needs a sufficient number of vitamins to function normally, vitamin C plays an important role in this

Vitamin C contributes to maintaining the normal function of the immune system during and after strenuous exercise
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of blood vessels
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of bones
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of cartilage
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of gums
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of the skin
Vitamin C contributes to normal collagen formation for the normal functioning of teeth
Vitamin C contributes to normal energy-yielding metabolism
Vitamin C contributes to the normal functioning of the nervous system
Vitamin C contributes to normal psychological function
Vitamin C contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
Vitamin C contributes to the protection of cells against oxidative stress
Vitamin C contributes to the reduction of tiredness and fatigue Vitamin C contributes to the regeneration of the active form of vitamin E
Vitamin C increases iron absorption
VITAMIN D3 OR CHOLECALCIFÉROL
Vitamin D3 is a fat-soluble vitamin that also plays an essential role in our body

Vitamin D contributes to the normal absorption/utilization of calcium and phosphorus
Vitamin D contributes to normal blood calcium levels
Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal body functions and hormonal function
Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal muscle function
Vitamin D contributes to the maintenance of normal teeth
Vitamin D contributes to the normal functioning of the immune system
Vitamin D plays a role in the cell division process
VITAMIN K
Vitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin that also plays an essential role in our body

Vitamin K contributes to normal blood clotting
Vitamin K contributes to the maintenance of normal bones
BCAA
BCAA or Branched Chain Amino Acids include the three branched-chain amino acids, L-Leucine, L-Valine, and L-Isoleucine, which are the essential building blocks of our muscles and a component of all proteins. The literature describes how they influence muscle building after exercise and can also inhibit the effect on muscle mass in older people (Blomstrand et al, BCAA intake affects protein metabolism in muscle after but not during exercise in humans, Am J Physiol Endocrinol.Metab. 281:E365-E374,2001 ; Rennie et al, Branched-chain amino acids as fuels and anabolic signals in human muscle, J.Nutr.136:264S-268S,2006 ; Satoshi Fujita et al, Amino acids and muscle loss with aging, J.Nutr.136:277S-280S,2006)

REFERENCES

Joint & Bone health

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0174705

http://www.thebonejournal.com/article/S8756-3282(09)02003-1/abstract

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00198-011-1788-6

http://www.oarsijournal.com/article/S1063-4584(14)00280-5/fulltext

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25976422

Sports Nutrition

https://doi.org/10.1007/s00726-019-02706-5

http://www.jissn.com/content/1/2/35

https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0174705

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18416885

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16161767

http://www.teknoscienze.com/articles/agro-food-industry-hi-tech-collagen-peptides-improve-knee-osteoarthritis-in-elderly-women-a.aspx#.Vg0S-eyqpBc

http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/early/2016/11/15/ajcn.116.138594.abstract

http://www.gssiweb.org/en/Article/sse-142-training-and-nutrition-to-prevent-soft-tissue-injuries-and-accelerate-return-to-play

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19185957

Healthy Aging

Collagen peptides improve knee osteoarthritis in elderly womenA 6-month randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study

https://www.peptan.com/about-peptan/downloads/peptan-joint-health-in-vitro-study-whitepaper

http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0174705

http://www.thebonejournal.com/article/S8756-3282(09)02003-1/abstract

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00198-011-1788-6

http://www.oarsijournal.com/article/S1063-4584(14)00280-5/fulltext

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25976422

http://www.who.int/nutrition/publications/nutrientrequirements/WHO_TRS_935/en/

http://www.andjrnl.org/article/S0002-8223(09)00290-9/abstract

Skin & Hair & Nails

http://www.transparencymarketresearch.com/nutricosmetics-market.html

http://ajcn.nutrition.org/content/86/4/1225.long

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/enhanced/doi/10.1111/jocd.12174/

http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4206255/

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